Coral Reef Facts

Monerans: Single celled organisms with no nucleus.

Example 1 (Ally F.)

Lyngbya aestuarii

Lyngbya aestuarii eating a spirolla moneran
Lyngbya aestuarii eating a spirolla moneran

Scientific name: Lyngbya aestuarii
Shape: Bacilli

Location: They live on the Northwest coast of Florida and the East coast of Saudi Arabia.

Example 2 (Ryan B.)

Prochlorococcus marinus

This is Prochlorococcus marinus
This is Prochlorococcus marinus

Scientific name: Prochlorococcus marinus
Shape: Cocttci

Location: Prochlorococcus marinus lives all over the world in all parts of the ocean, but it is mostly found in coral reefs. Some specific places are the Florida Keys and around the Caribbean.

Protist Kingdom

nucleus and organelles, most single celled
Protazoan- "animal like", no cell walls, no chlorophyll.
Entamoeba histolytica

Scientific Name: Entamoeba histolytic
Where they live: Entamoeba histolytic lives predominantly in the human or other animals (like fish) body's to cause disease.

Algae-"plant like" cell walls and chlorophyll.


Zooxanthella nutricula lives in coral reefs mostly in the Pacific Ocean.

FungiMulti-Celled, no chlorophyll Absorbs NutrientsZigomycota: Thredlike with a spore at the end
Ryan Bailey:
Class: Zygomycetes
Family: Mucoraceae
Genus: Actinomucor
Species: rapens
Scientific Name:Actintomucor rapens
The distribution is mostly in the European waters.

Chytridiomycota: Live in water or soil
Ryan Bailey:
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Chytridiomycota
Class: Chytridiomycetes
Family: Olpidiaceae
Genus: Olpidium
Scientific Name: Olpidiaceae viciae
Common Name:?
Found in and around the japan waters and in the Philippians.

Ascomycota- cup shaped
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Helotiales
Family: Sclerotiniaceae
Genus: Monilia
Species : albicans
Scientific Name: Monilia albicans
Common name: Candidiasis or thrush
Where it lives: It lives on the human body as a horrible infectious disease infecting usually the oral cavity or any skin.

Ascomycota #2- cup shaped
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Clavicipitaceae
Genus: Beauveria
Species: alba
Scientific Name: Beauveria alba
Common name: None
Where it lives: It lives off the coast of Australia (Great Barrier Reef)
Beauveria alba
Beauveria alba

ChromistaDefinition: Most single celled, most have chlorophyll and live in water.
Ally F.
Dictyota acutiloba
- chlorophyll (green and gold), two flagella
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Dictyotales
Family: Scarabaeoidea
Genus: Dictyota
species: acutiloloa
Distribution: Dictyota acutilioloa lives in tropical pacific waterswhere there is a lot of salt.


Ryan B.

Labyrinthulea-No chlorophyll, one flagellum
Class: Labyrinthulales
Order: Thraustochyriales
Family: Thraustochytriaceae
Genus: Althornia
species: crouchii

Ally F,Padina_boergesenii.jpg
Ochrophyta- chlorophyll (green and gold), two flagella
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophycea
Order: Dictyotales
Family: Dictyotaceae
Genus: Padina
species: boergesenii
Distribution: Typically lives in rockier reefs

Ally F.saprolegniae.jpg
Oomacota- No chlorophyll, one or two flagella
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Oomacota
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Olpidiopsidales
Family: Olpidiopsidaceae
Genus: Olpidiopsis
species: saprolegniae
Distribution: It lives in colder areas of coral reefs.

Ryan B.

Cryptophyta: Chlorophll ( green and brown), curled flagella.ryan_bailey_coral_reef_hanusia_phi.jpg

Hanusia phi

Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Cryptophyta
Class: Crypophyceae
Order: Pyrenomonadales
Family: Geminigeraceae
Genus: Hansusi
species: phi
Hanusia phi inhabits fresh water and salt water environments.

Ally F.Rhizidiomyces_apophysatus.jpg
Hyphochytriomycota- No chlorophyll, one feathery flagelum
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Hyphochytriomycota
Class: Hyphochytriomycetes
Order: Hyphochytriales
Family: Rhizidiomycetaceae
Genus: Rhizidiomyces
species: apophysatus
Distribution: It lives in the wet soil that is around the coral reefs.

Ally F.
Coral Moss

Florideophyceae-(red algae)
Kingdom: Plants
Phylum: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order: Corallinales
Family: Corallinaceae
Genus: Corallina
species: officinalis
Distribution: 0-155 meters in depth range.


Haptophta: Chlorophyll ( green and brown), two flagella.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Haptophyta
Class: Prymnesiophyceae
Order: Pavlovales
Family: Pavlovaceae

Genus: Pavlova

species: salina
Pavlova salina is found in fat of fish and is an acid.

Sangenista: No chlorophyll, filaments.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Sagenista
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecales
Family: Cafeteriaceae
Genus: Cafeteria
Species: roenbergensis

Cafeteria roenbergensis is found around the reefs by Australia.

Labyrinthista: No chlorophyll, one flagellum.
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Labyrinthista
Class: Labyrinthulea
Order: Labrinthulaceae
Family: Labyrinthulaceae
Genus: Labyrinthula
species: zosterae
Found along North Americas Atlantic coast.

Sagenista- No chlorophyll, filaments
Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Sagenista
Class: Bicosoecophyceae
Order: Bicosoecaes
Family: Pseudodendromonadae
Genus: Cyathobodo
species: stipitatus
Distribution: It is found in fresh and salt water, but mostly salt.


Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Hyphochytriomycota
Class: Hyphochtriomycetes
Order: Hyphochytriales
Family: Hyphochytraceae
Genus: Cystochytrium
Species :radicale
Found in the water around Hawaii.

Animals- Multi celled, digests food inside body.

Invertebrate- no backbone or spinal chord.

Mollusca- Soft body, two openings, simple organ systems, some with shell. Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Giant Clam
Giant Clam

Class: Bivalvia
Order: Veneroida
Family: Tridacnidae
Genus: Tridacna
species: maxima
Distribution: In the depths of 0-(-16,168) ft.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Poronida
Class: Not Assigned
Order: Not Assigned
Family: Not Assigned
Genus: Phoronopsis
Species: calfornica

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Paguroidea
Genus: Calcinus
Specific name: elegans
Common Name: Elegant Hermit Crab
Found in around the waters in Japan and Australia

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order: Molpadiida
Family: Curculionoidea
Genus: Molpadia
species: forsteri
Found Around the Philippines, Inda, McDonald Islands, and Japan

Porifera- Absorb food through pores, one opening for food/waste, attached to surface
Tube Sponge

Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongia
Order: Haplosclerida
Family: Callyspongiidea
Genus: Callyspongia
species: vaginalis
Distribution: It lives in depths around 0-(-174) ft.

Cnidaria- Two layers of cells with jelly-like substance, one opening for food/ waste.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Star Coral

Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Scarabaeoidea
Genus: Galaxea
Species: fascicularis
Distribution: Throughout the Caribbean and West Indies.

Vertebrates- With backbone or spinal chord.

Mammalia- Hairy, milk-producing, endothermic
Bottlenose Dolphin

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cete
Family: Delphindae
Genus: Turslops
species: truncatus
Distribution: It lives in the inter tidal zone of the coral reef.

Elasmobranchii- Sceleton of cartilage, fleshy fins.
Blue Spotted Stingray

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Rajiformes
Family: Dasyatidae
Genus: Taeniura
species: lymma
Distribution:Commonly found on the sandy or rocky bottoms of coral reefs.

Actinopterygii-Fins supported by bones, upper jaw bones slides forward when opened.
Black Triggerfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordate
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetrntitoradormes
Family: Balistidea
Genus: Odonus
species: niger
Distribution: They tend to move where there are strong moving currents.

Ryan B.turtle_leatherback_sea.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Dermochelyidae
Genus: Dermonchelyidae
species: corieacea

Neoceratodus forsteri

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sarcopterygii
Order: Ceratodontidae
Family: Ceratodontidae
Genus: Neoceratodus
species: forsteri



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