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Kingdom Moneran

Moneran- a single-celled organism with no nucleus.



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There are only a few types of moneran in the grassland biome, such as the Escherichia coli. Also commonly reffered to as E. coli. They're located in the lower intestine of most mammals, and their shape is bacilli.



E. coli
E. coli




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Another type of moneran in Grassland biome is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It's is also called
P. aeruginosa and it's bacilli shaped. This moneran can cause disease if it gets into human or mammal bodies.


pseudomonas aeruginosa
pseudomonas aeruginosa








Kingdom Protists



protist- an organism that has a nucleus and organelles, mostly single-celled.




protozoan- a cell with no cell walls, and no chlorophyl.



A type of protozoan found in the grassland biome is Leishmania donovani. It is a parasite that is responsible for the disease leishmaniasis. The disease commonly infects rodents and humans.


leishmania donovani
leishmania donovani













Algae-"Plant like", cell wall, chlorophyll.


A type of algae found in grassland is Coccomyxa subglobosa. Coccomyxa subglobosa is located in tree barks. The common name is Stone Weed.
Coccomyxa subglobosa
Coccomyxa subglobosa

Coccomyxa subglobosa







Kingdom Fungi



fungi- multi-celled organism with no chlorophyl, that absorbs nutrients.

Hygrocybe conica- a type of fungus found in the grassland biome is Hygrocybe conica. It is located in North America and Northern Europe. It is commonly known as witch's hat.
Hygrocybe conica
Hygrocybe conica

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Hyrocybe
Species: conica

Basidiomycota- closely packed filament.





Sordaria fimicola- another type of fungus found in the grassland biome is Sordaria fimicola. It is located in the feces of herbivores.

Sordaria fimicola
Sordaria fimicola


Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Sordariales
Family: Sordariaceae
Genus: Sordaria
Species: fimicola


Ascomycota- cup shaped filament.






Glomeromycota- Is Phylum grows on the root of a plant.


Geosiphon pyriformis- A type of fungi found in grassland biome is Geosiphon pyriformis . It is located in small village Bieber in the Spessart Mountains (Germany).
Geosiphon pyriformis
Geosiphon pyriformis

Kingdom- Fungi
Phylum-Glomeromycota
Class-Glomeromycetes
Order-Archaeosporales
Family-Geosiphonaceae
Genus-Geosiphon
species-pyriformis

Zygomycota- threadlike-spore at the end of filament.
Mycotypha africana
Mycotypha africana

Mycotypha africana- Another type of fungi found in grassland biome is Mycotypha africana. Its is located in soils.

Kingdom- Fungi
Phylum- Zygomycota
Class- Zy;gomycetes
Order- Mucorales
Family- Mycotyphaceae
Genus- Mycotypha
species- africana

Kingdom Plantsplants: multi-celled, cell walls, chlorophyl.

Big Bluestem
Big Bluestem
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Magnoliophyta- Angiosperms Flowers, Seeds in fruit.

Kingdom: Plantae

Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Andropogon
species: gerardii

Andropogan geradii is warm season grass that lives in Missouri native.

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Echinacea laevigata
Echinacea laevigata

kingdom: Plantae
division: Tracheophyta
class: Magnoliopsida
order: Asterales
family: Asteraceae
genus: Echinacea
species: laevigata

Echinacea laevigata is commonly referred to as smooth purple coneflower. Its native to the grasslands of eastern North America, its also commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens.


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external image pseudorchis2.jpg

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Grey-headed Coneflower
Grey-headed Coneflower

Magnoliophyta- Angiosperms Flowers, Seeds in fruit.

Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus:Ratibida
species:pinnata
Ratibida pinnata is commonly found in Illinois.
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Bryophyta
Sharpleaf Hookeria Moss
Sharpleaf Hookeria Moss

Bryophyta- larger than non vascular mosses
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Bryophyta
Class:Bryopsida
Order:Hookeriales
Family:Bombycoidea
Genus:Hookeria
species:acutifolia
Hookeria acutifolia is located in cold streams,gullies,mouth of caves,and deep shade of evergreen.
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East African juniper
East African juniper

Pinophyta-reproduce with cones or seeds outside of plant, no fruit, ever-green
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Pinophyta
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Cupressaceae
Genus:Juniperus
species:procera
Juniperus procera is located in eastern part of Sudan.

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Masson pine
Masson pine

Pinophyta-reproduce with cones or seeds outside of plant, no fruit, ever-green
kingdom:Plantae
Division:Pinophyta
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Pinaceae
Genus:Pinus
species:massoniana
Pinus massoniana is located in the central and southern part of China.
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antitrichia moss
antitrichia moss

Bryophyta- larger than non vascular mosses
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Bryophyta
Class:Bryopsida
Order:Leucodontales
Family:Leucodontaceae
Genus:Antitrichia
species:curtipendula
Antitrichia curtipendula is located in U.S. U

Animal Kingdom

multi-celled, digest food inside body

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Invertebrates

Arthropoda-multiple body segments,jointed appendages,Exoskeleton

Ghost Tiger Beetle
Ghost Tiger Beetle

Location:Iowa,South Dakota,Kansas and Cicindela lepida is common in summer.
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Coleoptera
Family:Carabidae
Genus:Cicindela
species:lepida


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earthworm
earthworm

Location: burrows in the soil of the grassland.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Oligochaeta
Family: Lumbricidae
Genus: Lumbricus
Species: terrestris


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Narrow-mouthed Whorl Snail
Narrow-mouthed Whorl Snail

Location: on leaves of bushes and shrubs.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Molluska
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Stylommatophora
Family: Pupillidae
Genus: Vertigo
Species: angustior

Mollusk-soft body, two openings, simple organ system, some with shell


Vertibrates


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bobobird
bobobird


Location: makes nests in trees to live in.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizinae
Genus: Dolichonyx
Species: oryzivorus

Aves-hollow bones, scaly legs, feathers

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Monarch Butterfly
Monarch Butterfly


Location: lives in the meadows of the grassland.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Anthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Danaus
Species: plexippus

Anthropods-two openings for food/waste, jointed appendages, exoskeleton

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Butler's Garter Snake
Butler's Garter Snake

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: butleri
Location: in fields of grassland.

Reptilia-ectothermic, scales, four appendages

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Segmented Worm-one opening for food and opening for food to go out.
Grey Worm
Grey Worm

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class:Clitellata
Order:Opisthopora
Family:Lumbricidae
Genus:Aporrectodea
species:caliginosa
Live in:Moist soil, pastures, gardens, forests

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Mammals:Advanced nervous system and brain, warm blooded.
Grassland Mosaic-tailed Rat
Grassland Mosaic-tailed Rat

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Rodentia
Family:Muridae
Genus:Melomys
species:burtoni
Live in: Near sugarcane crops in north Queensland.

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Amphibians:Part of life in water part on land, with gills.
Smooth Newt
Smooth Newt


Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Amphibia
Order:Caudata
Family:Salamandridae
Genus:Lissotriton
species:vulgaris
Location:Most nature as well as garden ponds with no fish.

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Bony Fish-Gills, Skeletons of bones, Ectotherms (Cold blooded).
Shortnose Gar
Shortnose Gar

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Lepisosteiformes
Family:Lepisoseidae
Genus:Lepisosteus
species:platostomus
Location:Native to the Missouri and Mississippi River.










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