Jaiden F. and Katelyn B.
WELCOME TO OPEN OCEAN
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World Map
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Indian Ocean Summer

The Indian Ocean is located between Africa, Asia,and Australia. The location is 20 00 South latitude, 80 00 East covering 68.556 million sq km and approximately 66,526 km off the coastline. The Indian Ocean provides major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. It carries a particularly heavy traffic of petroleum and petroleum products from the oilfields of the Persian Gulf and Indonesia. An estimated 40% of the world's offshore oil production comes from the Indian Ocean.
NOTE: includes Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Flores Sea, Great Australian Bi
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Indian Ocean Winter
ght, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Java Sea, Mozambique Channel, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Savu Sea, Strait of Malacca, Timor Sea, and other tributary water



The Indian ocean has only climate and north of the equator is affected by a monsoon climate from December-April. In the Arabian Sea the violent monsoon brings rain to the Indian subcontinental. In the southern hemisphere the winds are generally milder.

W
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Indian Ocean climate
hen the monsoon winds change, cyclones sometimes strike the shores of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The Indian Ocean is the warmest Ocean in the world. The average temperature is 22 degrees Celsius and can make it up to 28 Celsius. The Indian Oceans tropical cyclones occur during May/June & October/November in the Northern Indian Ocean and January/February in the Southern Indian Ocean.








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Layers of the Ocean
The Layers of the Ocean: Epipelagic- surface to 200 meters

Meopelagic- 200 meters to 1,000 meters

Bathypelagic- 1,000 meters to 4,000 meters

Abyssopelagic- 4,000 meters to 6,000 meters

Hadalpelagic- 6,000 meters to the bottom of the deepest part of the ocean
The Arctic Ocean is located near the Arctic Polar Region and The North Hemisphere; its almost completely surrounded by Eroupe, Asia, and North America.
The Arctic Ocean occupies a roughly circular basin and covers about 14,056,000 km squared being almost the same size as Russia. The coastline is 45,390 km long. T
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Arctic Winters
his includes, Baffin bay, Barents Sea, Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Hudson Strait, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, White Sea, and other tributary bodies of water. And is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Greenland Sea and Labrador Sea and is conncected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait. The ocean is divided into two different oceanic basins, the first one, Eurasian Basin which is about 13,000 to 14,800 ft deep, the other being Amerasin Basin about, 13,000 ft deep.
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Arctic Summers


The two seasons for the Arctic Ocean are winter and summer. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by broad cold winters and short cool summers.
weather conditions here include weak cyclones, clear skies, darker days and cold, stable weather condtions during this time from October to June the ocean is virtually icelocked the average tempature in the winter is -40 to 0 degrees Celcius. This Is called the polar zone. During the winter the ice freezes usually to about 2-14 inches thick, lasting almost the whole winter which is about six months long. The summers here are warmer, And there is continous daylight damp and foggy weather, ranging from about -10 to10 degrees Celcius. And Almost all the ice melts near the beging of May and the end of September, leaving a flooded ocean.




BiomesFirst10

Open Ocean Facts

Open Ocean Fiction

Open Ocean Food Web

Open Ocean Conservation

Open Ocean Bibliography