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The Tundra is mainly in the northern hemisphere


The tundra is a vast biome that indeed has a very frigid temperature.
The location of the tundras consumes parts of the Northern Hemisphere,
Arctic Tundra, found near the Arctic Circle, can be found in all 3 of the Northern Continents. In Asia, the tundra can be found in Russia, a region known as Siberia. In Europe, tundra can be found in Scandinavia, which consists of the countries of Norway, Sweden, and Finland. Alpine tundra can be found on mountaintops, such as the Rocky Mountains, Andes, Alps, and the Himalayas.


Both Arctic and Alpine tundra have very cold climates, but temperature ranges may occur because of the location. Arctic tundra located high above the sea level, has a more frigid climate, if located by an ocean coast, the temperature can vary as well. The North Atlantic Drift, a warm ocean current , warms the coast of Scandanavia . The coast of Northeastern Canada is colder due to the Labrador current. Arctic Tundra is very windy as well, with winds able to reach speeds up to 97 kilometres per hour.

Unlike Arctic tundra, Alpine tundra has a more moderate climate, that varies with the altitude and latitude of the location. The higher the altitude, the colder the temperature becomes. At around 15,000ft above sea level, it is as if you were 10° more north latitude then the latitude you are actually at.
Summer in Alpine Tundra

The tundra is a very cold and dry biome. January temperatures can vary from -20° to -30° Celsius. Surprisingly, temperatures above 32 ° Celsius have been recorded, but normally
do not rise above 10° Celsius.

The tundra is extremely similar to the dry deserts. The tundra receives a mere 25 cms of precipitaion per year. The most precipiation that falls is snow, that falls during the tundras long winters. Alpine tundra does get more precipiation than Arctic tundra, but the precipitation falls down the slopes.

The tundra has two main seasons: Very cold long winters, and cool summers. The winters can get to temperatures as low as -70° Celcius. Summers get to temperatures around 10° Celsius.
Arctic Tundra in Winter

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